Friday, February 20, 2009
Lesson Plan- Ash Wednesday & Lent (1st grade on up)
Ash Wednesday and Lent
For older students:
thereligionteacher.com- Ash Wednesday Lesson Plan which includes a full set of activities, worksheets, integration with the Ash Wednesday Video, and a short quiz to assess the students' progress.
thereligionteacher.com- Lent Project and Lesson Plan Ideas
For younger students:
Objectives: The students will be able to
- explain what happens on Ash Wednesday and where the ashes come from
- explain what abstinence and fasting is
- explain what we are supposed to do during Lent and why
Prayer, Take Home Sheet, and vocabulary from last week’s lesson and also Objects Used as Mass cards: (show picture cards that we have done thus far)
Vocabulary Words: (Write words on the board and discuss with class)
Lent- the time before Easter
Changed- to become different
Ash Wednesday- the first day of Lent
Penance- an act of religious devotion performed to show sorrow for having committed a sin.
Abstinence- to not do something
Fasting- going without food or eating less than you normally do
Almsgiving- doing good for others (gifts, money, or to help others)
Ash Wednesday (write it on the board)
Ash Wednesday is the beginning of Lent. On Ash Wednesday, blessed ashes are put on your forehead in the shape of a cross. These ashes are made by burning palm leaves which have been saved from last year’s Palm Sunday.
Ash Wednesday is also when we begin to do penance for Lent. Penance is an act of religious devotion performed to show sorrow for having committed a sin. We do this to improve our relationship with God and others. The Church suggests three special practices of penance for Lent:
(Write the bold words on the board).
Pray- go to Mass more often, pray more often.
During Lent the Stations of the Cross (prayers about the journey Jesus made to his crucifixion on Good Friday) are said at our church every Friday. My family goes to this every Friday during Lent.
Can you think of other ideas?
Fast- going without food or eating less. It can also mean giving up a certain food or treat.
My husband is giving up Diet Coke during Lent. My son is eating less sweets during Lent.
Can you think of other ideas?
Almsgiving- means doing good for others. That can be giving gifts of money or help to others.
The money my husband does not spend for Diet Cokes he will collect. At the end of Lent he will give the money to the poor.
Can you think of other ideas?
Introduce activities: What day does Lent begin? Ash Wednesday
Ash Wednesday Worksheet- Put number one through seven on the board. Read each question and write the correct word by the number after the student has answered the question. Have the students fill in the blanks on their paper with the correct answer from the word bank.
Review Ash Wednesday:
Once a year you can see many people with a black smudge on their forehead. Do you know what it is? (The Sign of the Cross made with blessed ashes.)
The day the cross is made on everyone’s forehead with blessed ashes is called what? (Ash Wednesday)
Ash Wednesday is the first day of what? (Lent and write it on the board)
Lent is the time before Easter, the day we celebrate Jesus’ rising from the dead. The Sign of the Cross made with ashes reminds us of Jesus’ great love and that he died on the cross so that we could live with him forever in heaven.
Lent lasts for 40 days (not counting Sundays). Why 40 days? (The 40 days recalls the 40 days Jesus spent in the wilderness, fasting and being tempted by Satan (Matthew 4:1-11).
Lent beings on Ash Wednesday and ends on what day? (Lent officially ends at sundown on Holy Thursday.)
What is the color for Lent? (violet)
During Lent we do fasting (write fasting on the board). Fasting means going without food or eating less. It can also mean giving up a certain food or treat. The rules of fasting state that only one full meal a day can be taken. Two small meals, are allowed but together they should not equal another full meal. Eating between meals breaks the fast, but drinking liquids does not. The rule of fasting is required for Catholics from age 18 to 59.
You are six years old. Do you do fasting during Lent? (No)
What about your parents? Do they fast during Lent? (Yes)
What days do Catholics fast? (On Ash Wednesday and on Good Friday.)
During Lent, Catholics do abstinence (write abstinence on the board). Abstinence means to not eat meat. The rule of abstinence for all Catholics requires those 14 years of age and older not to eat meat on Fridays during Lent and on Ash Wednesday.
My son is 16, does he do abstinence during Lent? (Yes)
You are six years old, do you do abstinence during Lent? (No)
Do your teachers do abstinence during Lent? (Yes)
What can we eat that is not meat? (Fish and other seafood, vegetables, eggs, milk and other dairy products.)
Do we fast and do abstinence every day during Lent? No, we only fast and do abstinence on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday. During Lent, every Friday we must practice abstinence (not eat meat).
During the forty days of Lent we are like a caterpillar. We try to change to live our new life more fully.
We try to do more things that show we love God. How could we show our love for God? (By praying and listening to his Word.)
We try to love others as Jesus did. We do special things for others during Lent. We try to change. We want to become people who do not hurt others by what we say or do.
Ask student questions from the Lent Take Home Sheet out loud in class.
Introduce activities: What do you know about Lent? Let’s find out.
Mini Book- All About Lent (coloring booklet)
Have students read the mini book out loud in class by taking turns (each read a page) and take home to read to their parents. Students can also color mini book.
sadlierreligion.com- A booklet you make to share with others what you know about Lent. (Grade 3)
fcpeace.com- My Lenten Resolution Egg
Every Sunday during Lent, think back on your week and decide how well you did with your resolution. Check the box that best describes your effort.
sundayschoolkids.com- About Lent lesson with activities
catechistsjourney.loyolapress.com- 40 Ideas for 40 Days
enterundermyroof.blogspot.com- ACTIVITY: Countdown to Easter Activities
To celebrate Lent this year, try something new - at the start of Lent, you create a chain out of forty strips of paper - each of the strips has a simple activity for the day that you are encouraged to do together as a family. As the strips are torn off, and the activity completed, the chain gets shorter and shorter as it counts down to Easter Sunday.
catholicinspired.com- Lenten Prayer Chain
Remove one link each day and pray for the people who are mentioned on that link. The neat thing is it doubles as a countdown to Easter!
enterundermyroof.blogspot.com- Family Lent Promise Card
enterundermyroof.blogspot.com- Lenten Prayer Stained Glass
Introduce craft: What happens to a caterpillar? He changes into a butterfly. What are we supposed to do during Lent? We are to change. We are going to make something to show us how the caterpillar changed into a butterfly to remind us that we are to change during Lent and become more like Jesus.
Caterpillar to Butterfly Craft
enchantedlearning.com- Egg Carton Caterpillar
This is an easy way to make caterpillars using egg cartons, crayons or markers, scissors, and pipe cleaners. You could also have the students decorate the caterpillar by gluing small objects like beads, craft foam, cut out paper shapes, etc. Googly eyes are a nice touch also. I use this craft to emphasize that they are to change during Lent. I then at Easter use a butterfly craft to show how the caterpillar changed and became a butterfly.
Introduce craft/activity: What are alms? Long ago money given to the poor was called alms. We are going to make an Alms Jar to take home to remind us the importance of almsgiving and giving to the poor.
Need: Jar with lid, sticker with “Alms Jar” printed on it, various things to glue on jar, glue
Directions: Have students decorate alms jar. Have them put sticker “Alms Jar” on the jar when they are finish decorating the jar.
The whole family can enter into the spirit of saving for alms. A glass jar is placed at the center of the table on Ash Wednesday, and all the money each family member saves as a result of self-denial from smoking, eating candy, going to movies or similar activities is put into it. Whatever you are sacrificing during Lent, that money you would of spent goes into the jar. The mother, buying simpler and cheaper foods for Lenten meals, puts the difference into the jar at meal time — so all can see where the cost of the dessert went! The children spend the first weeks of Lent investigating needy causes and charitable organizations and missions. They will have the responsibility of determining who gets the alms-fund. (Print this out and glue on an index card. Attach it or put inside the Alms Jar for the students to bring home for family to read).
catholicculture.org- Lenten Sacrifice Beans
A wonderful way to help younger children remind them to do penance during Lent, lima beans in a jar record each Lenten sacrifice.
Prayer Jar by paperdali.blogspot.com- Instead of just writing down a petition for our Lenten prayer jar, paperdali decided to draw the little petitions. Each strip has a picture and the beginning of a prayer for a child (or adult, actually) to finish. To enjoy, just download the page, cut along the dotted line, put them in a jar, and then put it in an accessible spot. During Lent, a child (or adult) can take out a strip during breakfast and begin the day with a prayer.
Introduce game: How well do you know Lent? Let’s find out.
christiancrafters.com- Bible Tic Tac Toe
Scroll down near the bottom for directions. Use Lent questions from above to play this game.
Bible Bowl- Students will test their Bible knowledge as they bowl their way to win. Use Lent trivia questions to play this game. (The Super Bible Game Book by Linda Standke, page 121 - 127).
The following games are free, however they are only to be used for classroom and personal use. They may not be published on any websites or other electronic media, or distributed in newsletters, bulletins, or any other form or sold for profit.
Journey Through Lent Game- A fun way to review Lent.
Cube Signs for Journey Through Lent Game- Print, cut out, and glue on die to play game.
Hangman- (Players try to solve the Lent mystery word). The teacher picks a Lent word that is written on a piece of paper out of a bowl. The teacher then starts the hangman game by writing a blank line for each letter in the word. Teacher then picks someone to guess a letter. (Write on the chalkboard the letters that were guessed that were not in the mystery word). If a letter is guess correctly, it is written in the appropriate blank(s) and that person who guessed correctly gets another turn. They can guess another letter or guess the mystery word. If the person is incorrect, another player gets a turn. Whoever guessed the mystery word gets to pick a Lent word out of the bowl and start the hangman game.
Introduce snack: What is supposed to happen to us during Lent? We are to try and be more like Jesus.
dltk-kids.com- Popcorn Praises
Lenten Hot Cross Buns- Story with song and directions to make Lenten Hot Cross Buns. (Kids Explore American's Catholic Heritage, page 165).
Introduce snack: What used to be the Lenten bread in the early centuries of the Christian era? (The pretzel.)
catholicculture.org- Introduction: We are going to make pretzels too (recipe included).
catholicculture.org- Pretzel Recipe
pillsbury.com- Mini Soft Pretzels with Dip
Make these easy pretzels with or without dip. A great reference for Lent.
pillsbury.com- Soft Pesto Pretzels
Make this easy pretzel recipe without pesto and cheese using refrigerated breadsticks. Sprinkle with caraway seed and coarse salt before baking.
Puzzles, Mazes, Worksheets:
catholicicing.com- Printable Lenten Calendar for children
apples4theteacher.com- printables and interactive worksheets associated with Ash Wednesday
teacherspayteachers.com- Ash Wednesday Worksheet for Lent
teachervision.com- The Season of Lent (word scramble)
sadlierreligion.com- Draw a picture of something you can do during Lent. Then, use a purple crayon to trace the words below. (Grade K)
pflaum.com- Lent Teaches Us To Help
Lent begins on March 5. Lent reminds us that we need to help others. Draw a line from each thing in the first column to the person or animal who needs it. (Grades K – 1)
sacredhearthouston.org- Our Path During Lent
Each day you say a prayer, draw a † in a stone. Color a stone each day you help someone. Each day you accept help from someone, draw a smiley face. (Grade 1)
sadlierreligion.com- Draw a picture of something you can do during Lent. Then, use a purple crayon to trace the words below. (Grade 1)
sadlierreligion.com- Lent word search (Grade 2)
sacredhearthouston.org- Here are ways to serve others. Choose three things you will do during Lent. (Grade 2)
pflaum.com- What Lent Means To Us
Lent begins on March 5 this year. Lent is a time for us to get ready for Easter. We try to pray more than usual. We try to share with others more than usual. Some of us even try to give up something we enjoy, such as candy or another kind of treat. We call these three actions praying, sharing, and fasting. On the line after each situation below, tell whether each child is praying, sharing, or fasting. (Grades 2 – 3)
sadlierreligion.com- A booklet you make to share with others what you know about Lent. (Grade 3)
sacredhearthouston.org- Follow the maze below to complete the prayer that praises Jesus. (Grade 3)
sacredhearthouston.org- Stations of the Cross
Make a picture strip. Cut on the solid lines. Paste the two pieces together. Read your Stations of the Cross. (Grade 3)
pflaum.com- Lenten Quiz
Lent begins on March 5 this year. Take this quiz to find out how much you know about this holy season of the Church year. Fill in each correct answer. Then use the numbered letters from your answers to help you to answer the question below. (Grades 3 – 4)
sacredhearthouston.org- Prayer of Sorrow
Unscramble the words to complete the prayer. The words are in order. (Grade 4)
sadlierreligion.com- Living Out Lent Cube (Grade 4)
Make a list of things that you can do to make the season of Lent a time of simple living focused on God and the needs of others. Using your list, write one thing in each box of the “Living OutLent Cube” pattern. Next, follow the directions to assemble the cube. Use tape or glue to fasten the sides of the cube together. During the season of Lent, roll the cube to determine the activity you will “live out.”
pflaum.com- Analogies For Lent
Complete the following analogies to answer the question at the bottom of the page.
sacredhearthouston.org- Go to the Liturgical Calendar – Lent at blestarewe.com. Use the information there to fill in the blanks. (Grade 5)
sadlierreligion.com- Students learn that Lent is a season of preparation for the great celebration of Easter. Choose a country and research how Passion (Palm) Sunday is celebrated there. Then, design a web page to share your information with others. Include an image, with a caption, of the celebration in the form of a photo or illustration. In advance, you may want to write the names of different countries for students to research on slips of paper. Then, have each student draw the name of the country to research. Provide students with time and reference materials such as periodicals, Catholic magazines, the Internet, and so on to research the celebration of Palm Sunday in different countries. Encourage students to be creative when designing their web pages. If possible, display the completed Palm Sunday web page ideas in the form of a bulletin board. (Grade 5)
sacredhearthouston.org- Lent and the Liturgical Calendar
To find out about them, go to the Liturgical Calendar – Lent at blestarewe.com/litcal/index.html. A church calendar or Bible will also help. (Grade 6)
sadlierreligion.com- Following the stations of the cross is a devotion that often takes place during the season of Lent. Complete the activity below by writing the name, in order, of each station. Then choose a station to illustrate below. Include a caption for the illustration. (Grade 6) Answers
teachingandlearningresources.co.uk- Lent (crossword)
domestic-church.com- Lenten (crossword)
These puzzles/activity sheets are free, however they can only to be used for classroom and personal use. They may not be published on any websites or other electronic media, or distributed in newsletters, bulletins, or any other form or sold for profit.
Ash Wednesday- word search
Ash Wednesday- crossword
Ash Wednesday Worksheet- Have the students fill in the blanks on their paper with the correct answer from the word bank.
How Much Do You Know About Lent?- 20 true or false with Answers
Homework: : Prayers and Take Home Sheet (It is in MS Word and can be changed any way you like according to your student’s abilities.)